Par Joe Carew [Dossier Notre Europe].
Qu’entend-on par « islam européen » ? S’agit-il d’un nouveau courant religieux ou d’un véhicule identitaire pour des populations déracinées ? Au moins
Mots-clés : Religion, islam, représentation de minorité, démocratie participative.
At least 12 milion muslims are permanent residents on European soil, and Islam must be considered part of the European reality. Two paneuropean muslim organisations - the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe (FOIE) and the Forum of European Muslim Youth and Student Organisations (Femyso) - maintain regular relations with the European institutions. This article investigates the capacity of these organisations to represent the heterogenous communities commonly concieved of as "muslim", and on the capacity or the will of the EU institutions to take their contribution on board. It broaches questions such as what is understood by the adjective "muslim" when we talk about society and culture in Europe; the conditions of federation and representation of adherents to these organisations; and the EUs potential to open itself to dialogue with different branches of civil society. The article is based upon a 150 page master thesis written in 2008.
Keywords: Religion, Islam, Representation of minorities, Participative democracy.